The Ganges riv basin is among the most suitable for farming and densely populated areas in the world and covers a location of 1, 080, 000 km2 (400, 1000 square miles). The river flows through 29 towns with human population over 75, 000; twenty-three cities with population among 50, 000 and 90, 000, and about 48 villages. A large proportion of the waste in the Ganges is definitely from this human population through domestic usage like bathing, laundry and public defecation. Commercial waste
Many tanneries, substance plants, fabric mills, distilleries, slaughterhouses, and hospitals contribute to the pollution in the Ganges by simply dumping neglected waste with it. Industrial effluents are regarding 12% with the total volume of effluent achieving the Ganges. Although a relatively low proportion, they can be a cause for major matter because they are typically toxic and non-biodegradable. Faith based events
During festival periods, over 70 million persons bathe inside the Ganges over a few weeks to cleanse themselves from their sins. Some elements like meals, waste or perhaps leaves are left inside the Ganges to get ritualistic factors. Dams
Built in 1854 through the British colonization of India, the Haridwar dam has resulted in decay of the Ganges simply by greatly reducing the flow of the riv. The Farakka Barrage was built at first to move fresh water in to the Bhagirathi Riv but offers since brought on an increase of salinity inside the Ganges, having a damaging influence on the ground normal water and dirt along the river. The barrage has brought on major pressure between Bangladesh and India. The government of India has planned regarding 300 public works on the Ganges and its tributaries in the near future despite a government-commissioned green -panel report that has recommended scrapping 34 with the dams citing environmental concerns.